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Perceptions of Kazakh young people about marring foreigners

 

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Жуматай Назгуль Нурланкызы студентка 3 курса, специальность 5В011900 - Иностранный язык, Восточно-Казахстанский государственный университет им.С.Аманжолова, г. Усть-Каменогорск

Жуматай Назгуль Нурланкызы

Key words: International marriage, Kazakhstan, Kazakh young people, marriage, marring foreigners, globalization.

Annotation

Many people want to create her own family and to be married. It’s easy to get married and hard to be family. Adults emphasize the importance of not making two things wrong in life: choosing a marriage and choosing a profession. The choice of a spouse is a serious question, no doubt, after the transition to family life, everyone wants to find a loved one and live a life full of happiness and love. Married people are both responsible for and responsible to another human being, and both halves of that dynamic lead the married to live more responsible, fruitful, and satisfying lives.

Some people can marry anyone they like. We know that some people get married with a foreigners. Many foreigners get married like this way. Nowadays, the number of International marriage grows. But there are some countries against for International marriage. And what about our country, Kazakhstan?

Introduction

Marriage is a transformative act, changing the way two people look at each other, at the future, and at their roles in society. Creating a marriage is a decision that requires responsibility and understanding, respect and forgiveness, as well as duty and obligation. The choice of a spouse is a serious question, no doubt, after the transition to family life, everyone wants to find a loved one and live a life full of happiness and love. Married people are both responsible for and responsible to another human being, and both halves of that dynamic lead the married to live more responsible, fruitful, and satisfying lives.

Some people can marry anyone they like. We know that some people get married with a foreigners. Many foreigners get married like this way. Nowadays, the number of International marriage grows. But there are some countries against for International marriage. And what about our country, Kazakhstan?

One of the hottest discussed problems in the country today is the marriage of Kazakh peoples to foreigners. Opinions about this are not exhaustive. One supports and wishes girls happiness, and the other spends their time in jest. For example, Kazakh singer Karakat Abildina said: "I am against marrying another nation my children. I do not want to talk with anyone’s feelings or personalities. It’s my personal opinion. How a mother brings up a son and a girl, this theme is very important. I personally will not allow my daughter to marry another citizenship in the future, and my sons to take his wife from another country. Even if they are fall in love, I would not approve of such a marriage. In the end, I know that they will eventually understand. That is why I always tell my children: «Find a girl of Kazakh descent». But there are traditions and languages. However, their customs are different. Tomorrow you will not be able to determine whether the child born from a mixed marriage is Kazakh or not. I think that most Kazakh girls are not deceived and will never marry to foreigners".

We see that some Kazakh people against for International marriage. But, it doesn’t mean that all Kazakh people against for it. There are many people for International marriage. Let’s pay attention Dauren Asrymbetov’s interview who get married with a foreigner. " I did not think that I was going to marry a foreigner. I was planning to come back home after the graduation and work in Kazakhstan, and then have my own family. However, my plans changed: we were friends, then became closer to each other. And then I decided that if I have a person, who understands me and with whom I feel good, then there is no need to find anyone else. When I just came to Turkey, I was against having a family there.

I think that there are a lot of advantages in the international marriage. You learn to understand and accept other people.

When it comes to people who get married and find happiness in a different nationality, public opinion is always fragmented. Some people say it is normal. That all nation are the same. If couples love each other, why not?

And some older people say that it’s bad. We mustn’t damage our nation. It’s a bad thing for our Kazakh blood. What of this points good for Kazakh people? Should mixed marriage be considered the fate of individuals or is it a tragedy of nations moving into globalization?

The purpose of this research was to find reasons why Kazakh young people marry foreigners. In a particular, as a result of this research most people asked this questions:

1. What do you think about marrying foreigners?
2. Why Kazakh young people are marrying foreigners?
3. What do you think about some perspectives when such men and women get criticism?
4. Do you think that it is good for children to have parents from two different countries? Why or why not?
5. According to the statistics the interracial marriage increasing every year. What do you think about this?

Research design justification

Our research purpose to find reasons why Kazakh young people marry foreigners. We selected research papers based on relevance, main idea, purpose and key findings. There was some articles in Google Scholar and we downloaded all of them. However, we chose only appropriate once. Then we looked at the methods of our researchers used to conduct their work and compare that what are the problems they discussed. And we realized how they analyzed. We notice that most researchers did their work based on the opinion of the person and statistics of every year. For example, the research works of Aubakirova Zh. S (2011), Znunusova E. R (2016), Fu Vincent Kang (2014) were quantitative research works and A. Tuyakbaeva (2016) was qualitative studies.

Articles chosen for this literature review. This articles were published from 2010 to 2016. The articles were located through databases. We use this keywords: interracial marriage, dissolution, ethnicity. The articles were located through databases. We also took university teachers article. This articles were published in period of 2011 and 2014. All articles included in this review are peer-reviewed or refereed articles. Other background information and definitions were obtained through books and other online resources.

Finally, after these research papers, we decided to conduct qualitative research through interviews. The reason of why we choose qualitative method is we believe that our work based on people’s opinion may affect the different events in the future.

Data collection

We were sure that participant’s interview will help to find reasons why Kazakh people marry foreigners. When we asked them to participate in our interview, they were happy to agree to our interview. Participants included two males and four females. So, we did six interviews. Interviewers answered in English (1), Russian (1) and Kazakh (4) languages. All interviews were conducted on March in 2020. With four participants we conducted face-to-face. It was very good experience for us. Two interviews were taken by video chat. We couldn’t conduct face-to-face. It’s because of quarantine. All interviews lasted 20-30 minutes. At the beginning of our interviews, we asked about their mood and feelings. Then, we started to ask our interview questions.

Research participants

The first participant is Sabrina. She is Kazakh and from Taraz. Sabrina is married and works in Ust — Kamenogorsk. She is 26 years old. And Sabrina said that she is against for marrying foreigners. She gave us a good information.

The next participant is Max. He is 21 years old. And he is from Mongolia. Now, Max studies at University in Ust -Kamenogorsk. He was in many countries. And he said that we need to marry to a person who understands us and who can do you happy. The interview with him was great.

The third participant is Enrike. He is from Shymkent. He studied at University in Poland. Enrike is for globalization. And he didn’t think bad about marrying foreigners.

The fourth participant is Shakira. She is not married. The participant from Shymkent and she is 23 years old. Shakira works in Almaty. She said that reasons marrying foreigners it’s because of Globalization.

The next person is Julia. She is 42 and from Ust-Kamenogorsk. She is against for International marriage.

The last participant is Rihanna. She is 20 and from Ust-Kamenogorsk. And studied at University in Malaysia. Now, studies at University in Ust-Kamenogorsk. She is so beautiful and talented. She said that we can marry anyone that we love.

Data Analysis

After interviewing with people, we transcribed all interviews in English, Kazakh and Russian languages. We transcribe it in details even every word that respondent said and analyzed. While transcribing we read a lot of interesting information. After transcribing our interviews we started to code it. We did coding individually. When we did the coding, we took Thematic Analysis approach based on Braun and Clark, 2013. It was sent by our teacher. It was very useful articles and helped us to do coding. Resting on the Example of Coded Transcript we followed the phase that indicated in this article. Firstly we read our interview several times and found the similar words, opinions , ideas and highlighted it in and gave them appropriate themes. We worked by the table. After all that we combined our coding table with my partner. And we found answers of our questions. Globalization has resulted in greater numbers of couples of mixed nationality as well as increased mobility.

Ethnics

Before taking an interview firstly we did a consent form in 3 languages: Kazakh, Russian and English. This was one of the most important document that protects rights. Four consent form were gave by face to face and other were online because of the quarantine. Of course, before taking an interview we took an agreement of people. It was very important. While transcribing our interview, we decided to disguise respondent’s name. We controlled storing their information safely. They was informed that it would be published on the newspaper. And this research was so interesting and important. It was very good experience for us.

Results and Discussion

Our research purpose was to find reasons why Kazakh young people marry foreigners. We reached our goal. We have found answers to many questions. The reason is GLOBALIZATION.

This topic is important and popular nowadays. Because some people terrified that our nation will be destroyed. Kazakh people always say that «homeland begins with the family». And this topic concerns for all Kazakh people, especially for Kazakh young people.

Conclusion

Our research has resulted that it is all because of Globalization. People can get closer to each their even if they live far away.

In summary, we want to say that you should make right decision. If you have a person who understands you, and with whom you feel good, then you should marry to this person, even this person is foreigner. And don’t forget, this is the most important decision in your life.

Why we took this topic? We wanted to find reasons why young Kazakh people marrying foreigners. Many people know that it is due to Globalization. We think that the main reason is being happy. Some people think that happiness is in the money and they will marry to a rich person in spite of the nation. And some people believe in love and marry a loved one no matter what. This is everybody’s right to choose whom to marry.

References

Ambrosio, A., Seguin, C., Hogan, E., & Miller, M. (2001). Assessing performance-based outcomes of multicultural lesson plans: A component within a comprehensive teacher education assessment design. Multicultural Perspectives, 3(1), 15-22.

Bell, L. (2002). Sincere fictions: The pedagogical challenges of preparing White teachers for multicultural classrooms. Equity & Excellence in Education, 35(3), 236.

Bernhard, J., Diaz, C., & Allgood, I. (2005). Research based teacher education for multicultural contexts. Intercultural Education, 16(3), 263-277.
Carignan, N., Sanders, M., & Pourdavood, R. (2005). Racism and Ethnocentrism: Social Representations of Preservice Teachers in the Context of Multi- and Intercultural Education. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4(3), 1-17

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